If you believe your child needs immediate attention and you have concerns of a life-threatening emergency, call 911.

Seek Immediate Care If:

  • Your child is unresponsive
  • Your child seems to be having trouble breathing
  • Your child has unexplained difficulty speaking or slurred speech
  • Your child has sustained an serious head injury
  • Your child is experiencing numbness, tingling or weakness on one side of the body
  • Your child has broken a bone
  • Your child has ingested something that may be dangerous or toxic.

Accidents Happen

What Will the ER Team Want to Know About Your Child's Accident or Injury?

The ER team will ask you questions as part of your child's exam to determine the extent of your child's injuries. Some of the questions might include:

  • What happened?
  • Where is your child experiencing pain?
  • Did your child hit his/her head?
  • Was there loss of consciousness?
  • Is your child on any medications or aspirin products?
  • Has your child had any recent surgery or other injuries?

Tummy Aches

How to identify stomach pain in babies and toddlers

Stomach pain is harder to identify when children are too young to talk. Here are some things to look for:

  • Fussier than normal
  • Curling their legs up toward their belly
  • Eating poorly
  • Listless and not interested in toys
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting

Causes of stomach pain in kids

Kids get tummy aches, often for no apparent reason. But here are some tips on what might be causing stomach pain in kids, based on their main symptoms. Of course, you should seek a pediatrician or go to the ER to treat your child's particular concerns:

  • Nausea or lack of appetite - indigestion or a stomach virus
  • Pain over all or most of their belly - indigestion, constipaation, stomach virus or gas
  • Cramping pain (often followed by diarrhea) - food poisoning, gas or bloating
  • Pain localized to one area (one side or the other, above or below the belly button) - may be related to the appendix, gallbladder or a stomach ulcer
  • None of the above - if your child can only describe the pain vaguely, like it's all over but doesn't get worse," they may be experiencing stress or anxiety

What Will the ER Team Want to Know About Your Child's Stomach Pain?

The ER team will ask you questions as part of your child's exam to determine the extent of your child's tummy ache. Some of the questions might include:

  • What was your child doing when the pain began?
  • Is the pain steady/constant? Or does it come and go?
  • Has your child had similar pain before?
  • Is the pain in one place or does it move?
  • What is the frequency of nausea or diarrhea, if any?
  • Did you give your child any medications to relieve the symptoms?

What Tests May Be Used to Evaluate Abdominal Pain?

Diagnosing the causes of stomach pain starts with blood tests and physical exams. It all depends on your child's symptoms and what doctors find from their exams. Testing may include: X-ray, Ultrasound, CAT scan, MRI, Endoscopy

Is It a Fever?

Normal body temperature: 97.5° - 98.9°F

For adults, kids and even infants, a fever is defined as any temp over 100.4°F orally and 101.4°F using a rectal or temporal artery thermometer. Here’s a general guideline to tell if your son or daughter has a fever:



Younger than 3 months

Any fever ( >100.4°F)

3 to 6 months

> 102°F

6 to 24 months

> 102°F lasting more than 1 day

2 to 17 years

> 102°F AND one ore more of these factors:

  • Seems unusually irritable, lethargic and uncomfortable OR
  • Lasts longer than 3 days OR
  • Doesn’t respond to medication

What Will the ER Team Want to Know About Your Child's Fever?

At the ER, your medical team will want to get some information about your child's fever:

  • How long has your child had the fever?
  • Has it stayed high? How high did it get?
  • Does your child have any pain anywhere, such as a headache?
  • Has your child had any other symptoms such as vomiting, fatigue, stiff neck or a rash?
  • Any recent surgery or cuts/injuries?
  • Has your child been around anyone who is sick or has similar symptoms?
  • Has your child been around pets or other animals?
  • Has your child had any recent dental work or a teeth cleaning?
  • Is your child taking any prescription drugs?
  • Have your given your child anything for the fever? When and what was the amount?
  • What immunizations has the child had and when?
  • Have you taken the child’s temperature at home? If so, when and how?
  • Has your child's activity level changed—sleeping, eating, playing?

How to Quickly Lower a High Fever Safely

  • Fluids. Drink plenty of water, tea and sports drinks. For children, use water, popsicles or oral rehydrating solutions. For infants, nurse them more often or give them bottles more often.
  • Lukewarm bath. Bathe in a lukewarm bath or shower. Don’t use ice, cold water or alcohol. If shivering starts, warm up the water.
  • Wear light clothing. Light, loose clothing keeps the body cooler.